Tech Tuesday: Install a SRAM X.0 Two-By-Ten Crankset

Aug 30, 2011 at 0:07
Aug 30, 2011
by Richard Cunningham  
 
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SRAM’s 2011 X.0 two-by crankset with its carbon fiber arms is among the lightest offering for all-mountain/trailbike use. In this week’s Tech Tuesday, Pinkbike takes you through the steps required to install an X.0 crankset, including the necessary chain and derailleur adjustments. Our guide is Eddy (Big Ring) Rea, the go-to guy for mountain bikers in Southern California’s High-Desert. The tools required are minimal, and the installation is quite easy, so grab your new XO crankset and a Truvativ GXP bottom bracket, and let’s get started.

XO crank and chain

What you’ll need

(clockwise) X.0 crankset, Truvativ GXP bottom bracket (the BB spacer rings are included), and a new 10-speed chain (we used a SRAM PowerChain 1071). It is worth noting that SRAM's 2012 X.0 crankset is a good choice for trail and AM because it has a replaceable spider which allows for lower gearing options than our test bike's 39 x 26-tooth combination.

Tools you ll need

Your tool kit for the day

-Cable cutter in case you need to replace the front derailleur cable.
-Allen wrenches from 3mm to 8mm
-Shimano TL-FC32 bottom bracket cup wrench
-Chain breaker tool
-Park MLT-1 master link pliers. (Not necessary, but so cool we had to show it off.)
-Light grease
-Clean shop towels
-Bike stand


Tips: Installing a new crankset is best done with the bike in a good stand so you can work near eye level. Give the bike a good cleaning before you start to ensure that your efforts will result in a long-lasting build. It is worth noting here that SRAM recommends the GXP bottom bracket for use with the XO crankset for AM/trail purposes.

clean threads

Step one: Remove old crankset and then clean any grease and dirt from the bottom bracket threads with a shop towel.

grease threads

Step two: Lightly grease the bottom bracket threads, making sure that you get a little around the entire circumference for about a half inch.

install left cup

Step three: Measure the width of the bottom bracket shell (it will be either 68mm or 73mm) If it is 68mm wide, then slide one 2mm spacer between the cup and BB shell. Insert the cup with the spacer into the frame and then screw in the right-hand cup counter clockwise by hand, very carefully, so as not to bungle the threads. Stop at the first hint of binding and retry until the cup threads in easily. If your frame has a 73mm-wide BB shell, use no spacers.

screw in left cup

Step four: Repeat with the left-side cup but remember that the left side screws in clockwise. Pop off the sealing end cap with your finger (see step 7) because otherwise, it will get knocked to the floor when you insert the bottom bracket axle.

Tighten BB cupc

Step five: Tighten the bottom bracket cups securely with the Shimano FC32 bottom bracket wrench. Remember, the left side cup tightens clockwise and the right side cup tightens counter clockwise.

grease shaft

Step six: Grab the left crankarm and then lightly grease the bottom bracket shaft. Next, slide the shaft through the BB cups. Give the outside of the crankarm a firm rap with the palm of the hand to ensure that the axle is seated against the right-side BB bearing.

install left arm

Step Seven: Slide the left side dust washer onto the BB axle spline and then snap it into place in the bearing cup. Next, slide the left crankarm onto the BB shaft (make sure to align it opposite to the right arm) and tighten securely with an 8-millimeter Allen wrench.

set der above chainring

Step eight: Loosen the front derailleur cable and clamp bolt and then slide the derailleur down until the outer cage sits 2 millimeters above the teeth of the large chainring. Check from above that the outer cage plate lines up parallel with the big chainring and tighten the clamp (or in this case, the fixing bolt. Make sure that the left shift lever is in the small-chainring position and then pull any slack from the derailleur cable. Tighten the cable fixing bolt with a 5mm Allen wrench.

chain length

Step nine: Assuming that your bike has a fresh SRAM 10-speed 11/36 cassette, you should install a new chain to ensure that the drivetrain lives a long and healthy life. Shift the derailleurs into the small chainring and to the small cassette cog position, and then thread a 10-speed chain through the derailleurs and around the small sprockets. Pull just enough tension into the chain to tension the rear derailleur’s pulley cage so that it rides parallel to the ground (or thereabouts). Use pedaling pressure to set the SRAM PowerLink.

chain pliers

Step ten: Shift the bike to the big/big cross-over combination and recheck the chain tension. The rear derailleur should be extend forward slightly, but not stretched. Use the Park master link pliers to release the PowerLink and add or subtract links as needed. Extending the chain will require a second PowerLink.
Hint: A longer chain will shift better when you are using the extreme, big/big cross-over sprocket combination.

Set der stops

Step eleven: Shift the transmission into low gear (small/front and big/rear sprockets) and use a 3mm Allen or a screwdriver to adjust the front derailleur’s inner plate so it just misses the chain while the bike is being pedaled in the stand. Next, shift into the small/rear and big/front combination and set the derailleur’s limit screw to limit the travel of the outer plate to about 1 or 2 millimeters away from the chain.

Run through the gears

Step twelve: Spin the crankset and run the bike through the gears a few times to ensure that the front derailleur shifts well. If the chain rubs the front derailleur in the low/low combination or overshifts in the high/high position, use ¼ turn limit-screw adjustments to make the necessary corrections until you achieve perfect shifts.

chain line check

Step thirteen: Shift the chain up to the fifth cog from the right and into the big chainring. Sight down the chain from the rear of the bike to check for a perfect chain-line. The chain should make a straight line from the number five cog to the big ring. If it doesn’t, the transmission may rattle or shift poorly in the cross-over gear selections. Add or remove the left-side bottom bracket spacer to remedy the problem.
Note: While bikes with 73-mm bottom bracket shells can be assembled without any spacers, frames with 68mm shells must have at least one. You may have to move the spacer on the left side in such cases.

side shot crank
Two rings are better than three. Switching out the old Truvativ triple crankset with the X.0 double made a huge improvement, with faster, more intuitive shifting -- and it looks sharp too.


So that’s all there is to it. Visit the Park Tool website to find the perfect implements for building and maintaining bicycles, and don't forget to jot down any tips you may have for installing a crankset below.


Past Tech Tuesdays:

Technical Tuesday #1 - How to change a tube.
Technical Tuesday #2 - How to set up your SRAM rear derailleur
Technical Tuesday #3 - How to remove and install pedals
Technical Tuesday #4 - How To Bleed Your Avid Elixir Brakes
Technical Tuesday #5 - How To Check And Adjust Your Headset
Technical Tuesday #6 - How To Fix A Broken Chain
Technical Tuesday #7 - Tubeless Conversion
Technical Tuesday #8 - Chain Wear
Technical Tuesday #9 - SRAM Shift Cable Replacement
Technical Tuesday #10 - Removing And Installing a Headset
Technical Tuesday #11 - Chain Lube Explained
Technical Tuesday #12 - RockShox Totem and Lyric Mission Control Damper Mod
Technical Tuesday #13 - Shimano XT Crank and Bottom Bracket Installation
Technical Tuesday #14 - Straightening Your Derailleur Hanger
Technical Tuesday #15 - Setting Up Your Front Derailleur
Technical Tuesday #16 - Setting Up Your Cockpit
Technical Tuesday #17 - Suspension Basics
Technical Tuesday #18 - Adjusting The Fox DHX 5.0
Technical Tuesday #19 - Adjusting The RockShox BoXXer World Cup
Technical Tuesday #20 - Servicing Your Fox Float Shock
Technical Tuesday #21 - Wheel Truing Basics
Technical Tuesday #22 - Shimano Brake Pad Replacement
Technical Tuesday #23 - Shimano brake bleed
Technical Tuesday #24 - Fox Lower Leg Removal And Service
Technical Tuesday #25 - RockShox Motion Control Service
Technical Tuesday #26 - Avid BB7 Cable Disk Brake Setup
Technical Tuesday #27 - Manitou Dorado Fork Rebuild
Technical Tuesday #28 - Manitou Circus Fork Rebuild
Technical Tuesday #29 - MRP G2 SL Chain Guide Install
Technical Tuesday #30 - Cane Creek Angleset Installation
Technical Tuesday #31 - RockShox Maxle Lite DH
Technical Tuesday #32 - Find Your Tire Pressure Sweet Spot
Technical Tuesday #33 - Three Minute Bike Preflight Check
Technical Tuesday #34 - MRP XCG Install
Technical Tuesday #35 - Stem Choice and Cockpit Setup
Technical Tuesday #36 - Handlebars - How Wide Affects Your Ride
Technical Tuesday #37 - Repairing A Torn Tire
Technical Tuesday #38 - Coil spring swap
Technical Tuesday #39 - Trailside help: Broken Shift Cable
Technical Tuesday #40 - Installing a Fox Float Air-Volume Spacer
Technical Tuesday #41 - Replace the Seals on Your 2011 RockShox Boxxer World Cup Fork
Technical Tuesday #42 - Clean and Lubricate Your Fox F32 Dust Wiper Seals


Visit Parktool.com to see their entire lineup of tools and lubes
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25 Comments

  • + 11
 That chain length measurement looks like a great way to either drop a chain (too long) or rip off a rear derailleur at full suspension compression (der cage too short). Give me big-big at full compression + 2 links, thanks.
  • - 4
 @ everyone here, don't use grease when assembling your bike or installing new things. when grease compacts, it can compact to the consistancy of concrete. so if possible, use an anti sieze compound like copperslip or actual finishline anti sieze... same thing really, only use grease for bearings and moving parts, use anti sieze grease for non moving parts...
obviously don't grease your chain because that's a stupid idea
and i'm not just running off some idiotic internet kid's idea, i'm running off facts here, not opinions.
  • + 0
 Sorry, don't agree that petroleum based grease (pretty much any bearing grease on the market) compacts inside of threads. Not sure what type of grease you have used but I would switch. Anti seize is not a bad thing to use on B.B. threads and even more so on carbon steel or titanium frames using aluminum cups. These are facts from my own experience of 15yrs working on B.B. threads, pedal axles, headset cups, seat posts, stems, you name it. Cheers.
  • + 1
 You can use anti-seize if you want, and it's a must if you're attaching dissimilar metals (especially when Ti is involved). But I've NEVER had a problem with synthetic greases like Finish Line Teflon or Pedro's Bio Grease, nor have I had a problem with non-synthetics like Park's Polylube 1000 polyurea grease.
  • - 2
 fair doos, i just know that a lot of greased compact in non moving objects when pressure is applied to them, as would most things right? i just know that a lot of greases DO compact, for ages i've used greases to assemble my bike, then i found out about all that, stripped my bike down, and used anti sieze to re-assemble everything. use in bearings, on bushings whatever, yeh that's fine, cram as much grease as you want in there and wipe away the excess. but i'm just saying that i would advise using anti seize compounds instead of grease for putting stuff together. i don't have your time of expirence, but i'm qualified as a bicycle mechanic and know that it is the best stuff to use, it's not like i'd stop you in the street and ask you if you've put your bike together with grease or anti sieze, just when i replace parts on other bikes, i use anti sieze to stop everything squishing together. and yeh, the greases i used were teflon greases so i didn't have a problem, i just found out the possible dangers in it and was advised to use anti sieze instead, and it works Smile
  • - 2
 woahhhh, sorry, got carried away on an essay there... my bad...
  • + 5
 "Used grease for ages"... your 17 years old. How many ages is that exactly?
  • + 1
 "and used anti sieze to re-assemble everything. use in bearings, on bushings whatever"
I'm not sure it is ok to use antiseze on bearing and bushing, i think it' a good way to destroy them. Antiseize contains some metals inside, so i think it's not adapted to moving parts.
  • + 0
 ah yeh my bad on the typo there, i meant to put grease in there, i'd never use anti sieze on stuff like that and ages meaning not that long, oh well, i don't really care, i'ma go ride, peace.
  • + 2
 So you were just talking out your ass and giving out incorrect information where it was already clearly and correctly given. Great pinkbiker.....
  • + 1
 no, my ass can't speak
  • + 1
 everyone who disagrees with me feel free to disagree, obviously my point is invalid seen as i'm younger than all of you, and with me being the age i am, no one here would take me seriously. i don't mind if you take my advice or leave it, i really don't care, so erm... yeh, sorry for being naive enough to believe that other pinkbikers would give me constructive criticism instead of destructive criticism, i can't be bothered to continue with this discussion anymore, i really dgaf
[Reply]
  • + 13
 "and get the job done in 40 minutes"

Dude wat.

How about 5?
[Reply]
  • + 4
 Ummm, I would lightly grease the spline end of a crank arm shaft before installing the arm.
This is another good Tech. article for PB. The only thing I would add, make sure the outer surface of your bottom bracket (where the cups tighten up against) are faced off or machined perpendicular to the crank shaft. You should never have to force a crank shaft through B.B. bearings with a hammer or more then a tap of you hand when installing. If you need more force then that, it means your B.B. cups are not aligned properly. Just my 2 cents.
[Reply]
  • + 6
 bad that there is no way to add useful post to Favorites
[Reply]
  • + 1
 The Sram X9 crank self extractor bolts seem to regularly also back out the retaining nut leaving the arm on the splines. Solution:
Use a 7/16" bolt head (nice fit into 11-12 mm opening) to tighten the retainer. Or,
Use a wrench on a 7/16" nut/locknut to hold the crank retainer nut stationary, insert the 8mm hex wrench through the nut to loosen the lock/extractor bolt. It helps on some nuts to grind the rounded shoulder off one end to maximize the contact area.

Great and thorough instructions - thanks!
[Reply]
  • + 1
 When installing Truvativ cranks (especially carbon ones) I definitely recommend using a torque wrench on the 8mm bolt on the non-drive side crank arm. The torque rating is pretty high, you'd be surprised how many people don't tighten their crank arms enough, even when they think that they've really horked down on the wrench.
[Reply]
  • + 1
 spline is tapered to hold on crank arms, just like square taper, if its greased it may come loose easily. But its is a truvativ, so every week at least you should tighten your crankarms, and yeah if this took me 40 mins to do in the shop, im sure my boss wouldnt be to happy lol.
  • + 3
 no the 8mm bolt is, so grease on splines wouldnt cause it to come loose easily, i use grease on the splines of my racefaces, and blue loctite on the 8mm bolt
  • + 1
 ilikeicecream...sorry i mean't to pos props!
[Reply]
  • + 1
 Thanks for that, maybe i need this in the future for my YT Industries ROD
[Reply]
  • + 1
 No grease on the spline on the axle?? Are you sure??
  • + 1
 definately grease spline, axle, and threads, if u do they will not come loose, i ride truvativ stylos everyday,rain, shine, snow, ice!!! (N.Van Bby Whistler) for two years no problem, i pull' em apart every six months for a complete clean and regrease only, 12000-14000 kms per bb....they are dummy proof i should know , i wrecked two sets of raceface cranks and 6 or 7 bb's in 20 months.......i'll stick with the stylo's....that's my 2 cents worth!!! ( takes 15min to install)
  • + 5
 Grease those splines! The reason is to ensure that the non-drive side crankarm fully seats onto the axle before you bring it to torque specs. Don't take my word for it, though:

www.sram.com/sites/default/files/techdocs/95-6115-006-000_rev_e_mtb_cranksets.pdf
  • + 1
 I wish I'd had the same experience with stylos as you justincs. I find the interface to be crap. Epoxy is holding my wife's stylo together right now.
[Reply]

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