Tech Tuesday: Replace the Seals on Your 2011 RockShox Boxxer World Cup Fork

Aug 2, 2011 at 0:05
Aug 2, 2011
by Richard Cunningham  
 
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Pinkbike visited the SRAM pits at Crankworx, where local legend Shawn Cruickshanks was working his way through a line of suspension forks tagged with the names of many top competitors, as well as the lucky ones who stood in line to receive Pro RockShox service during the week-long festival. Shawn made time to run Pinkbike through the process of replacing the seals and dust wipers of the very popular 2011 RockShox World Cup fork. Watch and learn.

lead
The 2011 air-sprung RockShox World Cup fork is fork of choice for downhillers who are both weight and performance minded. This one needs some love and attention.


What you’ll need:

-Clean shop towels and working environment
-Plastic-tip hammer to tap the slider’s foot-bolt loose
-Allen keys: 5mm and 2mm
-Bike-stand (helpful but not essential)
-Light, high-quality grease like Pedros Slick Honey
-SRAM seal driver for 35mm forks or a large, clean socket wrench that matches the diameter of the seals.
-Isopropyl alcohol in a spray bottle
-15-weight suspension fluid (Shawn uses Torco brand)
-Pan to catch dripping suspension fluid
-Sturdy wire, looped on one end to hold shop towel for cleaning inside of fork sliders.
-New seals and dust wipers


Tips:
While you can change the fork seals and wipers while the fork is on your bike, the easiest way is to remove the fork stanchions from the triple-clamps and then use a bike stand to hold the fork while you do the work. Jot down your high and low-speed rebound settings before you get started so you can return the dials to their proper place after the rebuild. As with all suspension work, take the time to clean the external fork parts to ensure that your results are actually improving the fork’s performance, not sentencing it to death.



1

Step one: Release all of the air pressure from the spring side of the fork, clamp the spring-side fork stanchion in your work stand, and then loosen the ‘foot-bolt’on the bottom of the spring-side slider with a 5-millimeter Allen key about half way out. Tap the foot-bolt with a plastic hammer to free the damper shaft inside the slider and then remove the bolt completely. Oil will flow from the open hole, so have a pan ready



2AB

Step two: Pump the slider a few times to get as much suspension fluid from the fork leg as possible (there’s only 10 CCs inside, but it will look like a lot more on your Persian Carpet). Slide the stanchion tube out of the slider and put it somewhere where it will stay clean.



3

Step three: Clamp the damper-side stanchion in the work-stand and then hold the rebound dial on the bottom of the right slider with one hand and use a 2-millimeter Allen key to remove the retainer screw. Slide off the low and high-speed rebound dials to expose the 24-millimeter wrench flats on the rebound adjustment body. Don’t lose the black washer that separates the two dials or you will be sad later.



4ABC

Step four: Use either a 24-millimeter open end wrench, or a RockShox approved BFC (Big Fernie Crescent wrench) to unscrew the aluminum rebound adjustment body half-way out and then give it a sharp tap with your plastic hammer to release the damper shaft. Remove the adjustment body and then pump out the suspension fluid, remove the slider and store the stanchion tube as in step two.



5

Step five: Make a visual inspection of the inside of the slider tubes. Look for gouges, scoring or excess wear in the upper and lower bushings, as well as dirt or metal chips that may be polluting the fork’s internals. Next, give the stanchion tubes a look for scratches or dings that could cut the new seals. If your fingers can feel any significant scratch, your stanchion tube may be a candidate for replacement, as the scratch will eat through the seals quickly.



6AB

Step six: Shawn uses a Pedros tire lever to remove the seals because its smooth, flat, working end will not damage the thin walls of the slider tubes. There are two seals in the World Cup slider, the gray dust wiper and the black oil seal. Slip the tire lever under the seal until you can feel the magnesium wall of the slider and pry the dust wiper out. Next, repeat the process with the black oil seal. Be sure to pry on the outer diameter of the seals were they are reinforced with an internal metal band. A large, flat-blade screwdriver will work, but use caution to avoid gouging the sliders.



7AB

Step seven: Spray the inside of the slider tubes with isopropyl alcohol and then use a lint-free shop towel threaded into a looped wire or a slotted wooden dowel to clean the bushings and internals.



8AB

Step eight: Reassembly – Shawn uses Pedros Slick Honey grease to lightly coat the upper and lower bushings and then he puts a thin layer on the walls of the slider where the seals will press in. The key here is to use a sparing amount of light, viscous grease. Too much grease will impair the fork’s action and the stuff will seep out of the seals for weeks.



9abc

Step nine: The seal-lips and numbers face upwards on the fork slider. Slide the black oil seal on the 35mm SRAM seal driver and, using firm hand pressure, slide it inside the seal cavity until it bottoms out firmly. Repeat the process with the gray dust wiper seal.
Plan B – The optional install method is to find a large (clean) socket with an outside diameter that will just slip into the seal cavity of the sliders. Be sure that the socket contacts the reinforced outer rim of the seal to avoid damage. Place the seal on the slider and then use the socket to press the seal into the cavity.



10AB

Step ten: Lightly lubricate the seals with lightweight grease and then carefully work the stanchion tubes into the lips of the dust wipers. Slide the stanchions in only about 1.5 inches, so they stop just short of the lower bushings. When you fill the sliders with lubricating oil, this will ensure that you get some fluid between the upper and the lower bushings.



11

Step eleven: Inject 10 CCs of 15-weight suspension fluid into each fork leg (note: inject 40 CCs into the spring side of a coil-sprung Boxxer fork) and then work the oil around the internals by gently compressing the stanchions into the slider assembly.



12 AB

Step twelve: Clamp the right stanchion tube in the work stand, screw in the rebound drive body and then tighten snugly with a BFC or 24mm wrench (7.3 Newton-meters). Next, install the aluminum crush washer on the foot bolt and tighten it snugly (7.3 Newton-meters) into the left-side slider. Use a fresh crush washer if the original appears jagged edged or damaged.



13

Step thirteen: reassemble the high and low-speed rebound dials making sure that the black washer separates the two. Please don’t over-tighten the 2mm Allen screw.



14

Step fourteen: Put the slider on a padded surface and cycle the stanchion tubes full-travel ten times to ensure that all the parts are sliding perfectly. Wipe down the excess lubrication from the stanchion tubes, reassemble your fork, return the rebound dials to your personal settings and then go ride.


Shawn head shot
Master of suspension Shawn Cruickshanks poses with Pinkbike's revitalized RockShox Boxxer World Cup fork. Shawn can get through a complete Boxxer fork in about a half hour.


Pinkbike thanks Team RockShox and especially, Shawn Cruickshanks for taking the time from their hectic race schedule to lead us through the Boxxer World Cup fork seal replacement process. If anyone has a tip that may make the process easier, we’d love to hear about it.




Past Tech Tuesdays:

Technical Tuesday #1 - How to change a tube.
Technical Tuesday #2 - How to set up your SRAM rear derailleur
Technical Tuesday #3 - How to remove and install pedals
Technical Tuesday #4 - How To Bleed Your Avid Elixir Brakes
Technical Tuesday #5 - How To Check And Adjust Your Headset
Technical Tuesday #6 - How To Fix A Broken Chain
Technical Tuesday #7 - Tubeless Conversion
Technical Tuesday #8 - Chain Wear
Technical Tuesday #9 - SRAM Shift Cable Replacement
Technical Tuesday #10 - Removing And Installing a Headset
Technical Tuesday #11 - Chain Lube Explained
Technical Tuesday #12 - RockShox Totem and Lyric Mission Control Damper Mod
Technical Tuesday #13 - Shimano XT Crank and Bottom Bracket Installation
Technical Tuesday #14 - Straightening Your Derailleur Hanger
Technical Tuesday #15 - Setting Up Your Front Derailleur
Technical Tuesday #16 - Setting Up Your Cockpit
Technical Tuesday #17 - Suspension Basics
Technical Tuesday #18 - Adjusting The Fox DHX 5.0
Technical Tuesday #19 - Adjusting The RockShox BoXXer World Cup
Technical Tuesday #20 - Servicing Your Fox Float Shock
Technical Tuesday #21 - Wheel Truing Basics
Technical Tuesday #22 - Shimano Brake Pad Replacement
Technical Tuesday #23 - Shimano brake bleed
Technical Tuesday #24 - Fox Lower Leg Removal And Service
Technical Tuesday #25 - RockShox Motion Control Service
Technical Tuesday #26 - Avid BB7 Cable Disk Brake Setup
Technical Tuesday #27 - Manitou Dorado Fork Rebuild
Technical Tuesday #28 - Manitou Circus Fork Rebuild
Technical Tuesday #29 - MRP G2 SL Chain Guide Install
Technical Tuesday #30 - Cane Creek Angleset Installation
Technical Tuesday #31 - RockShox Maxle Lite DH
Technical Tuesday #32 - Find Your Tire Pressure Sweet Spot
Technical Tuesday #33 - Three Minute Bike Preflight Check
Technical Tuesday #34 - MRP XCG Install
Technical Tuesday #35 - Stem Choice and Cockpit Setup
Technical Tuesday #36 - Handlebars - How Wide Affects Your Ride
Technical Tuesday #37 - Repairing A Torn Tire
Technical Tuesday #38 - Coil spring swap
Technical Tuesday #39 - Trailside help: Broken Shift Cable
Technical Tuesday #40 - Installing a Fox Float Air-Volume Spacer


Visit Parktool.com to see their entire lineup of tools and lubes.
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38 Comments

  • + 21
 WOW, fantastic, ever since tech tuesdays started i've been waiting for them to get into the good shit! This is dope! Next week how to rebuild Fox 40's ? that'd be so sick
  • + 6
 I like how they spelt pinkbike wrong on the last step. Why no vid? anyway sick tech tuesday would be very helpfull if I needed to replace the seals on my 2011 boxxer that's for sure!
  • + 1
 Im geussing its the same steps for the 2010 worldcups? apart from the rebound caps are held on with a pin insted of an allenkey bolt
  • + 2
 @ LeftCoast; Fox 40s are actually even easier to replace the seals on....its bleeding the RC2 damper that is a royal BIATCH on the 40....(at least compared to a Rock Shox damper service).
  • + 2
 Is it roughly the same sort of steps for the R2C2? I don't fancy sending my forks off for a service, mainly for the price, and the amount of time they're out of action for, so i could do with doing it myself
  • + 3
 Funny, I did 40s full rebuild like 2-3 weeks ago. Not really hard but you need the proper tool or just cheat your way to bleed the bladder. Yes it is a major pain compared to Boxxers BUUUUT you can basically do a full season without touching the fox cartridge!

Now for all the fork repair dudes and dudettes, I'm experimenting different stuffs on the coil side. On the 40s, the grease we put on the spring always ends up mix with the suspension fluid and create some messy goo. I have tried to put 10w then 15w fully synthetic suspension in the lowers with no grease and it works like a charm and the insides are clean.

Now, the Dorado service manual gave me an great idea. Toss the suspension fluid altogether from the lower and use fully synthetic motor oil! According to science, the slickosity (opposite of friction) of engine oil is higher than suspension fluid. So on that note, the 40 cartridge is fully sealed so i will still be using the regular 10w suspension fluid in it and use synthetic engine oil in the lowers to keep everything lubed and slick. If science is right, the friction on the bushings/seals and stanchions should be greatly reduced!

Let me know what you guys think or perhaps if the seals material or anything will get damages by engine oil.
  • - 1
 Yeah Fox 40s are pretty simple but a video would have definelly helped, and yeah i know thers videos on the web but the all suc cuz they never show a close up of what there actually doing. like the actual fox video is just a guy rebuild 40s from far away lol. well I need to actually see whats goin on. i have some 40s with a bummed RC2 cartridge and a video would help.
  • + 9
 READ THIS BEFORE YOU DAMAGE YOUR FORK!! One huge problem with this exercise is in step 4. Removing the rebound adjustment body in this way is 100% wrong. If preformed this way you will break your rebound adjustment body.
Proper operating procedure is to....
*1st step* after removing rebound adjustment knobs, loosen the adjustment body half way.
*2nd step* Place a 12 mm socket over the rebound adjuster shaft, against the rebound bolt. Use a plastic mallet to firmly strike the socket to free the rebound shaft from its press-fit to the lower leg.
By placing the 12mm socket over the rebound adjuster shaft you are transferring your impact force into the wrench flat area, or "rebound bolt" of the adjuster body. Not into the fragile beginning and ending stroke rebound rods that are held in by clips and o-rings. RTFM page 10 www.sram.com/sites/default/files/techdocs/2011_boxxer_world_cup_technical_manual_rev_b.pdf
  • + 5
 You should really use a piece of rubber bent over the top top of the outers when removing the seals with a tyre lever / screw driver. It's too easy to mark / remove the paint if you don't. No big deal, but seeing the metal tyre lever being forced down on the outer makes me shudder....
  • + 3
 Dunno about you guys but I really prefer Tech Tue like this - pics instead of vids
Smile
great topic BTW, thumbs up Big Grin
  • + 10
 would prefer vid at the top then pics to follow after as you are carrying the repair out
  • + 2
 I'm going to second nomis123, video and then step by step pics. The combo is best.
  • + 4
 guys these tech tuesdays are awesome! would love to see more of them!
  • + 1
 theque thursdays?
  • + 2
 you guys should make more tech tuesdays on how to replace seals on other forks aswell! really usefull and saves money!
  • + 1
 www.youtube.com/watch?v=9y-MX_b_nIk theres a video on how to look after ur fox 40s
  • + 2
 Is it the same with Boxxer Race and Teams?
  • + 1
 pretty much, undo the footnuts remove lowers, the seals come out the same then you put 40ml oil in the spring side and 15ml in the other, not sure if this applys to teams but this is how i do my races.
  • + 1
 greenwood, yes is it the same prinicpe for the seals only the oil volume is different
  • + 2
 I done this for a mate a while back........

www.pinkbike.com/video/195272
  • + 2
 when will they do argyles and dj3 what most djers use because i wanna change the oil and seals on my dj3 but i dont think there worth a £100 service
  • + 3
 Just look up the service manual on sram's website Smile
U need to disassemble your fork and repeat the steps shown here!
  • + 1
 suppose so but im not the best at following instructions so a walkthrough guide of exactly what to do would be better Big Grin
  • + 1
 find a friend who IS good at following instructions Smile
It's basicly the same thing after you remove the lowers
  • + 1
 haha i would but my mates are about as good as a monkey when it comes to fixing bikes i always have to do theres Big Grin
  • + 1
 do you have to put new oil in?
  • + 1
 yes mate Big Grin the old gets like crap and stuff in but ill shut up now as i dont really know much about forks and suspension Big Grin
  • + 1
 Well.. when I have to dissasemble the fork for new sels i change the oil! Smile
  • + 2
 ah something usefull for once, better than showing you how to adjust your saddle height and brake lever adjustment..
  • + 1
 Thank for this! I replaced my seals in like 30 min super easy if you follow the directions.
  • + 1
 A tip for even smoother running action between bushings and stanchions; mix up the 15 wt fluid with some SRAM Redrum.
  • + 1
 This should work on all 09' + boxxers correct??
  • + 1
 I was thinking the same thing. I have an '09 world cup and was wondering if this process would be similar?
  • + 1
 something like that Smile just check out sram's website for service manuals!
  • + 1
 now all you need are seals...
  • + 1
 Please help me with Step nine:

The numbers of the BLACK oil seal have to face upwards in the fork ???
  • + 1
 the black seals have numbers on one side, the side that should be up
  • + 1
 is there a video for this?

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