Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

Oct 30, 2016
by Ibis Cycles  
Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

By the numbers:

• Distance traveled: 400km (Roughly 150km of bike packing, 250km of packrafting)
• Days in the Wilderness: 9
• Number of aggressive Grizzly Bear encounters: 1
• Bikes used: Ibis Tranny29 x 2

Look at a map of northwestern BC and it’s both shocking and relieving to see the lack of roads. At the heart of this vast area is a place known as the Sacred Headwaters – one of the only pristine wildernesses of substantial size left in North America. It serves as the headwaters of B.C.’s three great salmon rivers and supports an ecosystem so rich in flora and fauna that it has been coined the Serengeti of the North. Part and parcel of the allure of the Sacred Headwaters is that it is nearly impossible to access without a bush plane. Nearly.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

Fortunately, my adventure companion and fellow filmmaker, Colin Arisman found the only route inside – a roughly 100-mile dirt road that was built in the 1970’s as a railroad grade. The project was abandoned before completion and what remains is an unmaintained railroad grade, resulting in a perfect gravel grind that would take us directly to the heart of the Sacred Headwaters. It would serve as the first leg of our journey.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

With our Tranny’s packed and fully loaded with nine days worth of food, packrafts, camping gear, and repair kits for all of the above, our last interaction with civilization was with the owner of a nearby lodge. His message to us was direct – he thought we were insane. It was big country up there and if even the smallest thing went awry, it would become a life-threatening emergency very quickly.

“It looks nice now, but things can change very quickly up there,” he warned. We didn’t need his warnings to know this, but it was a sobering note to leave on.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

As it turns out, the abandoned railroad grade was in great shape and for the most of two days we had what felt like a gravel highway to ourselves. At the end of day two we turned off the smooth gravel and onto an old canoe portage. Despite the heavily loaded bikes, it yielded several fun singletrack descents. And, a few muddy bogs to remind us where we were.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

By evening we had reached the banks of the Spatsizi River, where our journey would turn north and start its second phase – a six-day packraft covering almost 150 miles of river wilderness. We broke down the Tranny’s – front and rear triangle separated, both wheels off, mindful that we would be needing them in working order again before the trip was over – and strapped them to the newly inflated rafts.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

Floating was a markedly different pace than biking as we watched the landscape drift by from our boats. At the entrance of any large tributary, we stopped to fish and to little surprise found that the trout had not seen many flies pass overhead.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

During our first three days, the Spatsizi had grown from a small brook that was barely passable to a large, rumbling river, and soon it converged with the mighty Stikine, one of B.C.’s largest rivers. From the Stikine confluence we turned west, and for first the first time on the trip we were headed back towards a road and not away from one. Fast moving and large, this new water brought new challenges. Class 3 was the largest water we encountered, but it was plenty frightening, as flipping meant raking the carbon bikes strapped to the hood of the raft across every rock it crossed, not to mention exposing yourself to injury that would require a helicopter airlift.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

Along the way we crossed paths with over twenty black bears, floated by a very curious moose and her calf, and had one very harrowing encounter with a grizzly bear that decided we looked like a good option for dinner and charged us from the opposite back. Fortunately, we were able to get in the fast moving water first, but there was a moment when we were not sure who was faster in the water— a Grizzly or a packraft. Had we been on land, it would have been no contest. After six days on the river we hit an old railroad trestle—a lower section of the same railroad grade we began on – where we rebuilt the bikes for the last 35 miles of gravel. After six days of paddling, we felt weightless to be back on the bikes.

Bikerafting The Sacred Headwaters

We awoke the next day to a rumble of tractor trailers – a stark contrast to the scenery of our past nine days. The trucks were heading to Red Chris mine, only a few miles from where our journey had begun and concluded. It was a completely unplanned, but the irony was not lost on us. If the Sacred Headwaters are known for one thing in addition to its wilderness, it’s the resources that sit underneath it. Rich in natural gas, coal, and numerous precious metals the area has been subject to intense conflict over whether mining should take place. It is home to one of the few successful campaigns by First Nations’ communities to block a mining project in their sacred land – a Shell Oil hydrofracking project. Yet, despite similar blockades and protests, the Red Chris mine won approval. So on our last day in the north country, we chartered a sea plane to see this controversial site for ourselves, which despite using state-of-the-art techniques, has already begun to leak arsenic into a nearby lake after only two years in operation.

We left the Sacred Headwaters with mixed emotions. Having seen and traversed wilderness completely untouched my humankind only to realize that its status as such might be shortly lived.

A short film on the adventure will be out next fall.

Words by Tyler Wilkinson-Ray.
Photos by Colin Arisman and Tyler Wilkinson-Ray.
Aerials by Luke Kantola.



MENTIONS: @ibiscycles




80 Comments

  • 165 52
 Looks like a great trip but I don't appreciate the condescending view on the mining industry in BC. Where do you think the raw materials to fuel your journey came from? That big hole in the ground you don't like seeing.

Sure your bike trip was "eco-friendly" but you undoubtedly flew up to Dease Lake from Vancouver on a commercial air line burning hundreds of gallons of fossil fuel, not to mention the copper, titanium, aluminum, iron, molybdenum, tungsten, nickel, tin, gold and silver that make up the components of the plane. And then the trip was documented with cameras and gadgets packed full of rare earth elements like neodymium and niobium and battery components like lithium, graphite and cobalt - a lot of which are mined by forced or child labour in Central Africa or China - yet there is no mention of any of those mining activities? If you can't see those mines, its okay right?

Please don't have a "look at the mess they are making" attitude when almost everything you use, everyday, is a product of a mine. All of these things have to come from somewhere. If you can't grow it, you have to mine it and we humans consume a lot of stuff.

I have no problem with people being against the mining industry, but please don't have your opinion purely based on a "not in my back yard" perspective. Sure, it doesn't look pretty, but its a necessary evil of our modern society. No mine is perfect with respect to the environment, and never will be, but fortunately enough in Canada we have some of the best environmental legislation in the world protecting our land and this ensures only the most competent people are developing our resources. If you don't believe me just google mining in China.

Now down vote me all to hell I don't care, but as a geologist who is employed in the mining industry, all I ask is that you please take a minute to think about the products and services you use every day before taking a stance on mining.
  • 18 16
 Not to mention without resource extraction there's no resource roads, no easy access, no jobs for the Tahltan etc etc. The boas against mining in this article is Imo lamentable
  • 33 13
 I have to admit this really spoiled the article for me, that last paragraph. Turned very political very quickly. Just show me bikes dammit.
  • 10 3
 Wow, very well stated. Not sure how they could even respond to that. The whole "arsenic leaking into a lake" bit is disturbing, although I suspect it's not quite that simple.
  • 8 8
 People have a poor understanding of modern mining techniques, the value mining brings to the local economy and the value of the resources in their day to day lives.
  • 57 8
 @leelau: I think the main point is where this mine is located. Resource extraction does not have to happen everywhere. There are many places on Earth that should remain sacred and untouched, repositories of life on this planet as it evolved without the influence of humans. I canoed this river two years ago, and the mine is devastating to the local inhabitants, human and more-than-human. A great article, incredible adventure, and willing to speak up on controversial issues - courage all around.
  • 28 8
 @garyparkstrom: Unfortunately, resource extraction has to happen where the resources are.
  • 87 30
 Now that your arrogant diatribe is finished, I would like to point out that the authors provided no condescending view of anything, it was purely an observational statement. As i'm sure the authors would like to remain out of this argument I will play devils advocate to your statement. I didnt ask for giant strip mines, clearcut forests, and industrial agriculture to replace the landscape. I also didnt ask for everyone to live in excess with large houses filled with mountains of plastic garbage that goes unused, piles of electronics that are replaced for no reason other than vanity, and inefficient vehicles that cater purely to people's egos. And I certainly didnt ask for our worlds fish stocks to collapse, our biodiversity to be in the midst of the worst mass extinction in earths history, and a climate changing so rapidly our children will be left with a massive hole where a unique macrocosm once existed. I wont turn this into a long discussion on the sociopolitical ramifications of large industry. Suffice it to say, unfortunately in one sense you are right, we are part of this system and there is very little that individuals can do about it. What we can do though is combat the ignorance that the absolute deconstruction of the earth's resources is a 'necessary evil' and hopefully change enough minds to solve the issues rather than pretend they dont exist because our greed wont allow us to accept change to our status quo. Perhaps your opinion would get more upvotes on the 'See how high I can lift my truck' forum..
  • 23 5
 Buy less shit or stfu
  • 12 6
 well mining is about money . And when plenty of money is being made. The environment looses out. Human greed. The mining industry does not give a flying fuck about the environment. Its much cheaper to recyle metal that mine it. All the same this is a place to read about bikes not the negative aspects of man kind.
  • 35 7
 You chose a career in a truly necessary field which I support and make my living from. I sell oil, gas, mining, cement, and other large industry equipment in Colorado, Wyoming, Utah and Idaho. I sell to people with your attitude all day, and I witness first hand the lack of care and willingness to overlook the long term negative impact of poor operations and incidents. They simply chalk it up to it just being a necessary evil, often just a fine to be paid to appease stupid EPA over reach.

I have no idea the real number in terms of percent of operators that act this way, but it's significant. The point is NOT that they're bad people, but many are too willing to accept a certain level of bad for good. In Wyoming, go ahead and have at it. There's plenty of development and people and it's far far far from wilderness. I've sadly seen mule deer and pronghorn populations suffer from gas development, and it will not return for generations if ever. It sucks.

As far as mine reclamation goes, sure it happens, but I drive by abandon coal surface mines that are still open and not being reclaimed. It just doesn't happen right away. They will get real bad before they get better.

Get off YOUR high horse, and be willing to consider certain places off limits to exploitation. This mine is a perfect example that responsible in terms of mining is a way ditterent standard than zero impact. This mine makes it clear no impact mining is not possible. I feel strongly against this kind of development (such as the Pebble mine). I will fight tooth and nail for keeping Pebble from ever happening, and the fact that within 2 years arsenic shows up in a lake is inescapable. It's from the mine. It will happen anywhere mining activity is, and if you put a mine smack dab in a sensitive open wild land it will have a major impact period. This mine sucks, and over the coming decades the incidents will pile up. That's a fact you can't debate.
  • 29 9
 The responses of Canadians to questions about mining remind me of the responses about americans to gun control in the article a few weeks back in which three gentelman were almost killed by people exercising their right to use firearms. It is good to know that both sides of the border have their fixed false beliefs about our 'needs'.

I do agree. Buy less stuff! Every time a Vancouverite complains about their unaffordable homes due to Chinese buying them all up please realize it is because you, 35million other Canadians and 350million americans buy a lot of shit that these people have 100's of millions of dollars. And so we rip out minerals and oil to send the minerals over by boat (oil) to be made into shit we don't need and then float it on back (more oil) so we can make 100$ an hour driving a truck, go to Cuba on vacation for 500$ and talk about how 'quaint' their lives are and how amazing it would be to live so simply. And then get drunk and fat, buy a 5000$quad a 25000$ boat etc. We are easily the most out of touch generation in the history of the world. And I am not saying I am any better. I commute by bike and try to not use my car as much as possible, plant a garden etc and I haven't purchased anythign resembling a 'new wardrobe' since I got school clothes in grade 4. I am just saying that we have to look at how we act and live if we want to continue to have a beautiful country. We have to produce things ourselves. We have to ensure our mining is more responsible and we should certainly respect the land of the people who are the first people to live here. No, we can't take down our cities and give them back the CN tower, Vancouver itself or anything like that. But how much of that mining revene goes to support education and health care for the people who pleaded to not ruin their land? In Saskathewan the government is short of funds because of oil and potash not being as profitable so the first program they cut was the northern teachers education fund which helps educate first nations to become teachers and live in their own communities to be a positive role model. What a f**king joke. But Trudeau has no trouble extending millions of dollars of EI to those rich families who were hit by the oil downturn. Yes, I feel for them being out ofwork, but there is a difference between the sympathy I feel for people with a grade 10 education who drive truck for 100-200K a year compared to a people whose land has been stolen and to whom we deny any chance of a decent education.
  • 7 2
 @shakylegs:there is big difference in the environmental and safety regulations across the jurisdictions that you list. Canadian hard rock mining is one of the most heavily regulated industries in North America from an environmental and safety prospective... where as Oil and Gas extraction in some of the states that you listed, has some of the weakest safety and environmental regulations. Its also important to consider, that comparing a historic abandoned mine site to a modern mine built in 2014 is like comparing a 1980's XC bike with a modern Enduro rig.
  • 7 4
 Couldn't agree with you more. Far too many uninformed environmental generalizations on back-country stories like this. My favourite part of the story is how they celebrated the use of their "gravel highway to themselves" and "abandoned railroad grade" which I guarantee was used to transport mining materials and ore by train before being decommissioned. I'm glad it was nice and smooth for you!
  • 1 0
 @shakylegs: You make a great point. Not that it matters much, but I accidentally gave you negative props. I was trying the opposite, sorry.
  • 15 0
 It's absolutely possible to be opposed to the current methods of production, whilst still partaking in their fruits. In fact that is the only sensible stand. As you say, the products of mining are in everything. It would be impossible to live a non-hermitic existence without using mined materials. Leading such a hermitic existence would completely remove you from society and any hope of effecting change. Highlighting the damage done to the environment by a mine like this helps to show people what is happening. You point out that there are much worse mining sites out there, but as you say, these are hidden from most peoples lives. It's only by bringing them to light that we raise the general awareness, and create the social impetus to find cleaner alternatives. By highlighting this mine the authors are making people see what they otherwise would not see. Of course this article didn't focus on mines in Central Africa or China, that would be completely out of scope. However, highlighting the resource extraction happening in this area is contextual to the story. Yes we can all make a small impact by simply buying less stuff, and being aware of the source of what we do buy, but that does not preclude highlighting the problems of resource extraction as well.
  • 24 1
 As a geologist NOT employed by the mining industry (environmental, thank you very much), the mining (and petroleum) companies can go pound sand. You make some good points about resource extraction, and true, we need the minerals and fuel. But often times the way that extraction happens, even in North America, could be done much cleaner. But that of course would cost more, which is what it always comes down to. Whether oil, metals, gas, chemical plants, dry cleaners, whatever. Sometimes the spills are out of ignorance or sheer incompetence, but more often the environmental problems known at the time and are swept under the rug until years later when it starts to affect people's health.
Canada may have better environmental laws about that stuff, I'm not familiar with it. But you should see some of the rape and pillage that the extraction industries do all over the US. It's not just China or Africa.
  • 4 0
 Thanks for piping up BJAM. I am no fan of Imperial Metals and their Mount Polley Disaster, I am a geotechnical engineer who is trained to design those dams. I work in the oil and gas industry - on the safety side - keeping the product in the lines. I would like to point out that most of their gear is made with or with the aid of... hold on....hydrocarbons.

My main question to the authors would be "please provide evidence of the arsenic leak to the local lake" - I have goggled the crap out of the internet and see nothing relating to the Red Chris mine.

I think we can all agree though - consume less, recycle and make environmentally conscious decisions!
  • 8 1
 On carbon bikes...very hard to recycle; very bad for environment.
  • 1 2
 Honestly, not a single ounce of molybdenum was used. Hasn't been for a while. Get your facts straight
  • 2 5
 @shakylegs: you have no idea what you're talking about. I hope that's ok.
  • 2 12
flag Ryanrobinson1984 (Oct 30, 2016 at 16:51) (Below Threshold)
 @cmcrawfo: Canadian hard rock mining is completely unregulated.
  • 6 0
 @Ryanrobinson1984: I strongly disagree. I provide consulting services to these organisations. In each canadian jurisdiction, the regulations and enforcement for hard rock mining are far more stringent than regulations for other sectors in the same jurisdiction. and compared to other countries, the regulations for operating in canada a far more in depth and complex than the regulation for operating in most states... most mining companies (even canadian ones) would rather mine in any country except Canada due to these regulations... I would be interested to hear what your experience and background is that makes you qualified to makes this statement.
  • 6 1
 Just for the record, I really hate mimes!
  • 4 0
 www.pinkmining.com
  • 2 8
flag Ryanrobinson1984 (Oct 30, 2016 at 18:48) (Below Threshold)
 @cmcrawfo: we'll be interested no further. I will tell you. I am on the executive board that runs the operations of the conglomerate that umbrellas over these organizations. I'm on the inside and I know exactly what goes on. Does this information help, cmcrawfo?
  • 2 1
 @Ryanrobinson1984: interesting then that your perspective is that there is no regulation. I still disagree, but atleast your opinion comes from experience. Thank you.
  • 2 1
 @Ryanrobinson1984: If you ever need a health and safety consultant with canadian experience..... haha. I Have been advising on health and safety policy, at a high level, for Canada's two largest gold producers for a few years... professionally it would be really interesting to get your perspective. Often, it's not that regulations don't exist or they aren't enforced, it's that the cost of fines or penalties are lower than the potential revenue losses..
  • 2 5
 @cmcrawfo: I was just pulling your leg man. I know nothing about Canadian regulations, in any facet. I don't know about any of the regulations, from mineral mining to the limit on shaving a dogs ass in a given year in Alberta. Keep on fighting the good fight up there. I support you 100 percent.
  • 4 1
 @TheDoctoRR: Says the guy who is driving a moto superbike on his profile picture... want to guess how many different mines supplied the raw materials that were used to make the frame, motor and parts to your bike?

You have no credibility.
  • 3 0
 @TheDoctoRR: I agree the authors were prettys soft in their mention/critique of the mining industry. Sayin nothing after encountering such a contrast at the end of their trip would have felt abit lame I imagine. well said.
  • 2 0
 I agree. The article didn't suggest any pro/cons of mining. They simply stated that after being in what appeared untouched wilderness for days, they came across a mine. the "mixed feelings" are clearly a statement to their knowing that mines are a necessary evil.

even the best run mines do alot of damage, but we need them. it's a bummer they have to be in such beautiful places.
  • 1 0
 @cmcrawfo: but it doesn't have to happen everywhere the resources are.
  • 1 1
 @cmcrawfo: then why is there arsenic leaking from this "modern" mine?
  • 2 0
 @scottye: that's the thing. It's not. The author of the article needs the fact check.
  • 3 0
 Ignoring the corrupt political practices mining industry employs to avoid paying for the vast environmental damage it creates is what is wrong with society. While the reality is that mining is an essential part of the modern world, the problem lies in their blatant disregard for the pollution it creates that harm all living things on this earth.
  • 2 0
 @cameronbikes: Oh so now you want to bring gun control into the picture. Don't even go there, the pros out weigh the cons.
  • 2 0
 Hogwash. Transnational mining corporations (as well as smaller companies) have been exploiting and destroying people and land for generations--their greed has no end. And yes, we all have blood on our hands.

As Tupac said: "You gotta make a change. Its time for us as a people to start making some changes, lets change the way we eat, lets change the way we live, and lets change the way we treat each other."

As for things getting political on Pinkbike...at least it's something worth reading and thinking about, rather than some dumb new product that's just going to further exploit both the consumer, the extractor and the earth. Of course we all need time off so that's ok too...
  • 16 0
 So to cut it short,you guy's rode trannies deep into the woods,had to avoid a big bear and then rafted out.........sounds like a great film plot Wink
  • 2 0
 I'm glad I'm not the only one who could connect the dots.
  • 9 1
 I've been to this mine as a sub-contractor and stayed in the mining camp. I would say that 75% of the workforce was aboriginal. It's a very rich copper deposit which includes some precious metals as a profitable by-product. The mine is currently open pit but will likely have to switch over to conventional as they progress. Compared to something like the oilsands in Alberta, this type of mining is relatively clean and environmentally friendly.
  • 6 0
 Thank you for a first hand account not based on conjecture
  • 7 0
 Nothing wrong with guys writing this article from their perspective. Their point is not that mines are un-necessary but that they leak shit into the environment. Raising awareness should not be jumped upon by some righteous geological fact freak. If they don't have all the facts fuck it at least they don't like what they are seeing and few people have had the chance to go on that trip so spreading the word and images is an education for us. Hopefully our species will evolve a little wiser
  • 10 0
 so uh how many tubes do you bring on a bikepacking trip...
  • 6 1
 tubeless setup, tough tyres, two tubes and glue is my usual setup for multi-day rides.
  • 5 17
flag Theeeeo (Oct 30, 2016 at 3:08) (Below Threshold)
 @riish: would you agree to the statement that 26" wheels are generally better for this kind of cycling?
  • 24 0
 @Theeeeo: ride whatever wheels you have.
  • 10 4
 What a great article. We need to see more of this. Encourage the wilderness to be seen via the only environmentally safe way to cover that type of ground: the awesome mountain bike. Truly one of the greatest inventions of our species. If more people got out into the wilderness on bikes, then more single track would be carved into even remoter areas. This would allow previously disconnected people to give up staring at their silly little screens and see the world. The real world. Then they may just begin to understand how precious and fragile it really is. That photo of the mine shows a stark contrast to the natural beauty all around it. Whatever your political persuasion is if you call yourself a mountain biker, then you must also call yourself an environmentalist, no woods, or natural areas for trails, means no trails. No trails means no ride. Cherish it and protect it people.
  • 4 4
 how about hiking by foot and paddling by canoe. mtn bikes have come much much much late to the party to make your claims. less gear in the wilderness the better the experience.
  • 4 1
 Epic trip guys! Thanks so much for sharing. I think the bike packing thing is still kicking off in a big way with mainstream mountain bikers.. good to see some on pinkbike!
Planning a few overnighters down here in Tasmania, any hot tips or online resources you can recommend? What gps systems do you use? Preloaded .gpx tracks? CheersSmile
  • 5 2
 Great trip, guys, the article got me stoked and waiting for the movie! I wish there be more bikepacking items here on pinkbike with a spot on how to put stuff for nine days together without looking like an Indian carry truck. Really, the clothes, food, tent, raft and filming gear on a bike look pocket-size!
  • 6 1
 Do you have a link to support the comment about Red Chris leaking Arsenic? Haven't seen any reports of this, and I try and follow these things. Thanks.
  • 4 1
 There has been confusion among commentators who mistake Inmet's lamentable Mt Polley with Red Chris. See for example this article by Wade Davis which reaches thetyee.ca/Opinion/2014/09/22/Mount-Polley-Sister-Mine
  • 1 0
 Stunning trip. Thrilled to see discussion of mining impact, necessities vs. corporate profit & mindless consumption, industry insiders joining thread! So hard to reign in the corporate/industrial/governmental/societal juggernaut when it comes to large, profitable, less visible industries, BUT raising awareness and creating conversations is the way to start!
  • 2 0
 On our summer bike sojourn into the Yukon, we witnessed many bikers that used less resources than anyone commenting on this article. South America to Northern Territories on rice & beans - Trump that!
  • 1 0
 This looks like so much fun! Very inspirational. I really like going out and exploring on my bike, but I've never actually planned a real trip. But it seems more and more approachable.
  • 3 0
 Gorgeous bull. Bike/fishing trips are my favourite.
  • 8 6
 Sad to see this beautiful place go.
  • 8 7
 That looks like an open pit mining. If that takes place, forget this beautiful area for good.
  • 7 6
 the reclamation process of modern open pit mines might surprise you.
  • 5 0
 @cmcrawfo: On CBC there was a very intelligent PhD student describing exactly what is possible with reclamation processes. Indeed, it was amazing. Unfortunately, government never encforced that these processes be carried through and as soon as money was an issue they simply were NOT done.
  • 3 2
 @cmcrawfo: There's no any place in the whole world that has survived after an open pit mining has taken place. A proposed method without the use of cyanide is called 'flash smelting' and it is patented, I believe, by a Finnish company. It has been tried out though as an experimental approach and cannot take place in a vast scale - depending on the extraction of metal of course e.g. copper or gold. Everyone knows what are the dangers of an open pit mining. Also, it's not only the huge amounts of poisons that are being used but also the vast amount of water that is being utilised for the process resulting in changes in the microclimate of the area and the dryness of the soil. Not to mention the toxic dust that is being transferred for kilometres. If a method is harmless to the environment (which I am sure there is) is not used because the cost involved is that big that a company simply is not willing to try it out. As a result, the "trusted" open pit mining is being used causing big scale damage to the surrounding areas. The worst thing though, if say we leave the environment aside, is that open pit mining is taking place next to inhabited areas.
  • 4 0
 @cameronbikes: Red Chris is actually one of the only mines in the Province that has posted a bond that fully covers the estimated reclamation costs.
  • 3 1
 @cmcrawfo: I am happy to hear that. Does it include the full costs to the Canadian health care system for all the cancers that will be caused the leaching of Arsenic?

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26903202

www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26038318

More importantly does it include an apology to the families who die?

I am going on your words here, but you have listed "estimated". Remember that the Van olympics which was a pretty straightforward job was millions of dollars over the esitmates. I am making the assumption that they did not assume they would be poisining the water table.
  • 2 0
 @cameronbikes: Red Chris isn't leaking arsenic. Take the drama down notch.
  • 2 0
 @starpak: do a little fact checking. no place is the same once humans have a go at it, but plenty of mine sites get rehabilitated and life has returned to them.

This guy has some great things to say on how we can move forward and heal the scars that the extractive industry we cant live without, leaves behind:
architectureau.com/articles/healing-wounded-landscapes

and these guys in the UK made a park out of an old coal mine:
www.washingtonpost.com/lifestyle/style/northumberlandia-lady-of-cramlington-rises-from-englands-hills/2012/11/22/36d62974-23a3-11e2-ac85-e669876c6a24_story.html
  • 1 0
 For more about the Red Chris Mine and other transboundary mines check out www.salmonbeyondborders.org
  • 3 2
 That's a nice looking trip.
  • 2 0
 Still prefer LOTR.
  • 3 1
 Wow. Very inspiring.
  • 1 0
 Your only real vote is your dollar; vote early and often!
  • 1 0
 Your username suggests at a far more effective vote that we all have.
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