Specialized Targets ADHD Through Cycling

Mar 12, 2015
by I Am Specialized  
Specialized is furthering their commitment to a healthier future for children by establishing their own 501c3, The Specialized Foundation, dedicated to funding original research and programs to better kid’s lives through cycling.

Last year, Specialized sponsored groundbreaking research and pilot programs with middles schools across the U.S. which are showing early indications that kids with attention issues, and even those without, who take part in cycling activities, may better prepare their brains for learning. These early results prompted the company to dive deeper, forming The Specialized Foundation dedicated to original research and programs that improve kids’ lives through cycling.

bigquotesAs a company of passionate riders, we intuitively recognize the benefits of exercise and cycling on our own abilities to focus, but we were astounded by the results of the study as a potential new symptom management tool for children and their families to consider. As someone who is personally affected by and as a parent of a child diagnosed with ADHD, I hope this research provides new hope for children and their families managing attention deficit disorders and that it serves as a catalyst for prioritizing physical education in our schools. - Mike Sinyard, founder and CEO of Specialized

To better understand the benefits and the science behind it Specialized reached out to RTSG Neuroscience Consultants to research how cycling may be a non-pharmacological option for children to help manage attention difficulties and symptoms of ADHD. The initial study scientifically measured the effects of cycling on the attention capacity of 47 students ages 11 to 14 years old from Kennedy and Wilson Middle Schools in Natick, Mass. Participants biked outdoors five days per week for 30 minutes before school, for one month. The project examined cognitive, emotional/social, as well as balance and physical changes before, during and after the program.

“These finding are profound and have the potential to change the way we manage symptoms of children with attention deficit disorders/difficulties,” said Dr. Lindsay Thornton, a sports psychologist with RSTG specializing in brain imaging techniques, sports science and physical performance measures. “The findings also indicated there may be factors more unique to cycling that make it especially effective when it comes to the brain benefits of exercise,” Thornton said. The study found that the cycling program led to an increase in positive mood, improvements in several aspects of attention, as well as acute and longer-term benefits in cognition.

The Specialized Foundation will work closely with schools and their local bike shops to implement cycling curriculum in their PE programs. The goal is by offering a research-proven method for improving the learning environment, kids’ will have increased academic success through an activity they love. To find out more please visit www.Specialized.com/Foundation and to join the movement on social media use #PedalsOverPills.





About Specialized - Specialized was founded in 1974 by riders for riders. Based in Northern California, we focus on the rider’s need for functional and technically advanced products that provide a performance benefit.

www.specialized.com / @Specialized


  • 58 3
 I don't have ADHD but if anything, Pinkbike makes it so much harder to pay attention to my homework..... Good job for Specialized though! This looks like an awesome program that is doing a lot of good.
  • 25 0
 Pinkbike makes it harder for me to focus on my schoolwork as well... and I'm a TEACHER! (What am I doing on this website? I'm supposed to be preparing for my next class that starts in 10 minutes?!)
  • 11 1
 It’s good to see Specialized doing something like this, if ADHD is real or not they are promoting Pedals over Pills which in my book is good. I feel people just toss meds at kids these days and they take them without a choice or any real knowledge to why they need them.
  • 1 0
 Wish they had this back when I was in school.
  • 1 6
flag freeride-forever (Mar 16, 2015 at 18:10) (Below Threshold)
 Yeah yeah good on Sped there for helpin' the speds. I bet that's entirely altruistic.

Hey Sped, how 'bout bullying? Why not target bullying there Sped? How d'ya feel about bullying? D'ya think bullying is maybe just a bit bigger of a problem than a few restless kids with their own acronym? Meh, what would you know about bullying anyway right? :/
  • 1 0
 ^^^^Yeah, calling people out on mistakes, good for you, bully.

Anyways, always good seeing programs like this. Good job Specialized.
  • 44 20
 Symptoms: difficulty staying focused & controlling behaviour, hyperactivity. This sounds like all the children to me .. not a disease. If a child is not like this, treatment would required.
This ADHD looks lame & man-made.
  • 3 5
 I felt the same way when reading it
  • 24 32
flag hiwasters (Mar 13, 2015 at 0:31) (Below Threshold)
 Too true. It's bollock. Bin teaching for 17 years and seen a few ADHD students cured with a proper bollocking. 'oh look, he seems to be sitting still and working now'' 'amazing'. Funny how ADHD turns up a few years after the government take your discipline stick away from teachers and parents.

All the good kids don't understand why they don't get to go on extra holidays. 'if I act like a total tw.t, can I go on adventure holiday too' some would say.

ADHD? Nah, just kids who have never been disciplined cause people are too frightened. Fuc.in rediculass,ass,ass,ass.
  • 20 5
 And diet! The fuc.in shite some parents feed their kids should be an offence. Seriously. Change diet = changed attitude.
  • 40 16
 Hiwasters I'm calling bullshit If you really have been teaching for 17 years, then I'm pretty fucking sickened by your attitude towards children that genuinely have learning problems. Grwat way to take education back 20 years.I had an ex partner with two autistic kids one at the higher end an the other with more severe symptoms, adhd is closely linked. These where great kids that had special educational needs that ment they could learn at the same level as children without.when they where diagnosed it took 6 specialists 3 months to come to a result. For a condition that you don't think exists........ Rather than just being labeled as a problem child or just needing a good bollocking as you put it...... Cunt
  • 12 17
flag hiwasters (Mar 13, 2015 at 2:47) (Below Threshold)
 Ive dealt with all the learning disabilities noj. I worked very hard to be at the top level and learned greatly. I've worked my best with these children because I had a very progressive, simple, straightforward style and a lot of patience. But there's a lot of children being labelled, yet they are just naughty children playing the system. Bin there mate. Hope you feel better for your name calling session.
  • 16 7
 Autistic isn't mentioned here. We are talking ADHD. So quit putting words in peoples mouths. And schools don't have the systems to deal with sen properly. It's very, very hard for teachers.
  • 3 10
flag hiwasters (Mar 13, 2015 at 2:59) (Below Threshold)
 We need to go back 50 years or more in a lot of ways noj. Not just twenty!
  • 8 11
 Well maybe you should've put that in your original post then you wouldn't have come over as such an a*shole
I agree there's a lot of lazy parents that just label thier kids as add or adhd (which is very closely linked to autism, so I'll Stand by that)
This just makes it harder for parents of kids with real diagnosed adhd to be taken seriously
And attitudes like the the one from your original post AND others in this thread don't help
My ex had fight very hard for her two to be taken out of main stream schooling an get the education they deserve
  • 2 2
 Sorry for jumping on the soapbox but, your original post with a term like 'discipline stick'..... Came over very differently
  • 4 2
 There's not many get the education they deserve bud. Teachers are too busy dealing with poor behaviour in classes. Especially in public school. Not so much private. Another note is that with inclusion of everyone, when the systems aren't there, slows everyone down and creating the system that caters for everychild has not been done. Teachers are under pressure to cater for everysingle individual need. So you just get lost in it all and loose the real point. Progress is slow
  • 3 3
 Yoh had to put your little name calling in there again, didn't you. I often find that when I call someone a name in life, I eventually look in the mirror to realise it was me who was acting like a (place obscenity if your choice here)
  • 1 5
flag naptime (Mar 13, 2015 at 4:09) (Below Threshold)
 'discipline stick'..............
Care to elaborate?
  • 10 2
 One of my friend's teachers wanted him diagnosed with ADHD by a doctor. At parent teacher interviews, this was brough up by the teacher, and his dad just said "have you tried not being boring?"
  • 4 0
 ADHD - real? Not? I dont care, Specialized gives away bikes to kids - PROPS
  • 1 0
 Absolutely true
  • 4 3
 Noj, if u watch wild life u can see that the animals chastise there young when they do wrong. Maybe a nip or a bite or a shove. This teaches the youngsters right from wrong and is discipline. Otherwise they don't seem to remember or pay respect to the rules put down. No one is allowed to chastise anymore. Too busy giving out rewards for being a wan.er.
  • 3 2
 Do you have a link there that proves your statement that adhd is linked to the autistic spectrum please. As I disagree with it. Not an idea of it noj, factual evidence. Ta
  • 2 2
 Discipline stick Cate to elaborate
  • 3 3
 I already answered your discipline stick with the chastised comment. You do understand the word chastise noj? U keep asking the same thing.
  • 3 1
 Attention problems are an issue with most everyone. Why do you think we drink so much stuff with caffeine? It's a cheap stimulant to sustain a lifestyle operating on a lack of sleep and exercise. Some cases of short attention spans are more severe than others, and apparently warrant a medical diagnosis and a prescribed, stronger stimulant. Kids and adults alike are staying up late, sitting on couches, and playing video games or using their phones into late hours of the night. Then they're expected to function efficiently during the day. We become slaves to a substance to sustain that type of lifestyle, when in reality it can be solved or significantly improved simply by putting the phone down, riding your bike and going to sleep.
  • 2 1
 Yeah I understand If I was there right now you'd understand what teachers 'chastising' children does to them An more importantly The adults they become
  • 16 0
 I am a high school science teacher with a background in molecular genetics and neurobiology. From my experience working in a neurology lab as well as teaching high school students I know that there is a big difference between a child that "doesn't pay attention" and a child that "can't pay attention".
I would agree that ADD and ADHD are overdiagnosed and the "condition" is used as an excuse, but there really are kids who have neurological differences that make it harder for them to concentrate on tasks. ADHD is also a spectrum. Mild cases are a nuisance while severe cases are fairly debilitating.
I congratulate Specialized for looking to exercise instead of chemicals as a first option, though it has been shown many times that exercise is beneficial to learning FOR EVERYBODY... Ever wonder if the rise in ADHD diagnoses correlates with the decline of PE and recess? (because it does...)
  • 1 8
flag hiwasters (Mar 13, 2015 at 10:44) (Below Threshold)
 Noj, If you were here I'd understand? Sounds aggressive? Am I correct? I only live in the next town to you bud. You wanna meet up or something? In box me and we can see if you iz all dat. You don't sound like an adult to be honest. How you doin with that evidence?
  • 2 5
 And now you've got me sounding like you. Well done. Fell for it.
  • 2 5
 Thrasher, pe and breaks havnt really changed here. Just more and more children opting out through doctors notes and mums notes or havnt got the equipment with them. I think its more the diets and limited sunlight too as theyre all inside playing each other on the games consol and therefore not getting the exercises you speak of. We need vitamin d to be healthy. Not too much like. Combine this with nobody taking control of them and giving the right guidance and we are in all sorts of problems.I'm well aware that there are true cases of ADHD, but it's getting daft.
  • 2 2
 tbrandt. I totally agree and what good advice. Just switch it off. Put it down. Meditate and give your soul a massage. And sleep. Exercise. And sleep. I think you are spot on.
  • 2 6
flag hiwasters (Mar 13, 2015 at 11:28) (Below Threshold)
 And don't be telling me to go out and ride me bike, cause I can't. I'm home I'll in the head with stress, loosing me balance, cause I've spent half me life teaching high school and dealing with exactly what we are talking about, I seh. ;-)
  • 3 1
 At least it is a good cause to get hyper kids on a bike instead of drugging them.
  • 5 0
 Hiwasters, GB is f*cked if all teachers there spell like you do. GB is especially f*cked if they all share your disdain for people with disabilities.
  • 15 1
 I know there are some people who actually have ADHD as a serious medical condition, but the ADHD sticker just gets slapped on every kids' forehead nowadays as an excuse for adults to get their kids and students to just shut up. I'm just astonished how many people want to shut their kids up, close up their imagination and sit still in a corner paying attention to one thing only. Sounds like we're raising a generation of robots, not children.
  • 3 0
 The problem is that in the past when kids were annoying their parents in they sent them outside to play and blow off energy. Now parents are too afraid of EVERYTHING to let their kids go play or explore. The truth is that violent crime rates are at an all time low but we are so over-sensitized to it by the media that we assume that kids are going to be abducted the minute they're out of sight.
  • 3 0
 @wite-trash-azn I agree with you entirely dude. Absolutely no doubt ADHD is a real condition - but I find it hard to believe that 11% of all children have that condition. I think most kids who can't concentrate or have a lot of energy are stamped with it when really it's probably more to do with A) the fact they're not even remotely interested in what they're learning and B) they're crammed full of high sugar foods.

If I ate a bowl of fruit loops the size of my head and you sat me in a classroom where I had to sit still and learn math I'd have a hard time concentrating too.

I think what Spesh is doing is good though - anything that's getting kids out on bikes is a great thing in my opinion.
  • 1 0
 'If I ate a bowl of fruit loops the size of my head and you sat me in a classroom where I had to sit still and learn math I'd have a hard time concentrating too'

Bang. This is it. Excellent use of 'size of my head'. Basically school is boring for some, and they're junked up on sugar and chemicals. And they don't move enough. And there's always some joker doing something more interesting than the teacher. In reality.. how the feck are they meant to concentrate?
'Ah.. but we've devised a questionnaire, with lots of questions, and boxes, and if you get them all right, and put ticks in all the right boxes.. well.. then we put you in a box and give you free drugs. Sound good?'.
  • 1 0
 'Sounds like we're raising a generation of robots' And this. Astute. Look into the transhumanism thing. People are be led into raising a generation of robots.
  • 14 1
 When i was a kid, my parents pulled me out of school and homeschooled me because of ADHD. bikes solved that. now i can't pay attention to anything else. titties? no. drugs/alcohol? no. a real career? no.

but as someone with experience, i can say i'm not in the least bit surprised Mike Sinyard has ADHD
  • 16 1
  • 17 0
 ok, i can pay attention to ass, but only if my bike isn't nearby
  • 18 0
 But... titties! I feel like we need to start a fundraiser for you or something!
  • 12 0
 Make an appeal on Dickstarter....
  • 2 0
 Pinkbike: now providing bikes and titties. throw in a Pinkbike Brewery and theres the trifecta
  • 16 0
 Sorry, I forgot what I was going to write. I like lamp.
  • 7 0
 Haha Dude, you are so- wait. What were we talking about?
  • 6 0
  • 10 1
 Helping ADHD with an outdoor activitie, not a pill, this is what we need. This is why I am pumped to be a youth cycling coach this summer, just getting outside is so powerful, and doing in via mountain bike... can't get any better!
  • 1 0
 Sounds wicked. Best of luck.
  • 9 0
 For those who say ADHD is not real and a made up disorder used to push drugs, being an adult diagnosed with ADHD as an adult I assure you that in my experience, it is real. See I didn't have a problem with getting good results in school. You'll find that many people with ADHD are extremely intelligent and just can't channel that intelligence properly because their brains are working overtime. No one thought I had a problem because I had good grades, but I always knew there was something really different about me that made life both difficult but also very entertaining at the same time. I mustered up the courage when I was 23 and finally went to the specialists and had all the tests and interviews and it confirmed what I already knew. I had ADHD.

Ritalin was the first port of call for the doctors, but it didn't work, and I have since stopped using it. It changes who you are, and although I knew there an issue with me, all I needed from the doc's was affirmation. As an adult I had developed coping mechanisms to help address my hyperactivity and concentration issues and managed to pull through just fine. One of those coping mechanisms was exercise, especially riding my bike. It was the escape I needed and still use it as a way to help deal with the excess energy which I have to expel. MTB has changed my life for the better. It has given me a way to channel my mind into a positive addiction to has helped with ADHD that prescribed drugs never could. I didn't have to change myself. I am myself when I'm on my bike and am able vent all my frustrations and focus on something that keeps me sane.

I don't suffer from ADHD. I am my ADHD. It's who I am and I'm loving life without Ritalin. Spesh you are doing the right thing. I know because I've been down this road and I can tell you it works.

My Anthem! www.youtube.com/watch?v=tgIqecROs5M
  • 7 1
 ADHD is not a disorder, it's an adaption. Early humans valued ADHD. Some of us were design to sit and wait, patiently. Some of us roamed large expanses, checking for food and game along the way. We "searcher" didn't focus on one thing, we listened to our surroundings, scanned our environment, we were always aware of both predator and prey. Our adaption was valued by our community, and today it simply doesn't fit with traditional boring jobs. We're not efficient when forced to do one thing for hours on end. We must stop, scan the landscape, and move on.
  • 1 0
 Holy F, after reading this, I want to test myself... I have no clue what the result will give me as I am quite sure that I have it and I personally slowly learn to not only accept who I am, my drives, I start to enjoy them and utilize the power but... my wife hates me for it though. Perhaps being labeled brings even more peace of mind in common reality

Who makes tests? Any psychologist will do?
  • 1 0
 As an adult you can consult your doctor, but most will just give you a very basic test. Some docs really don't like prescribing meds to adults who are able to pay their bills and lead successful lives. Now, if you think your ADD is affecting your life, you may be able to convince your doc to let you try some sort of presciption medication, but I think its far better to embrace the fact that your different and simply learn to cope. Don't fit your round mind into a square hole.
  • 1 0
 I would not take any medication, how could it take away anxiety without numbing me down in other areas? You want more Ying, you get more Yang - nobody escapes! I'm just curious of the role it would play for my wife. I remember very well when my teacher from language said it to kids who were diagnosed with Dyslexia, it's burned into my memory: you may get lighter treatment now in school and you should, but out there in your work, in your life, you will have to write letters and e-mails, and nobody will care what your condition is - you will not be treated seriously.
  • 1 0
 Having took a time release version of Ritalin, I can tell you that it made a tremendous difference in terms of my energy levels, my ability to focus, and incredibly intensity to get shit done. The downside was it made me angry when things weren't getting done and quite agitated when things didn't go my way. I felt like I was cheating, though.
  • 9 0
 Not sure but I think my Mtb gives me ADD. While at work, I just usually think of my bike and such while working and the trails I'm gonna ride after work. Is this a problem? Lol
  • 2 0
 This is a healthy subconscious prodding for you to quit your job!
  • 3 0
 Ultimately humans are forced to lots of things that are just not natural. We are hunters, gatherers, builders and makers. We were not designed to sit in a chair looking at a screen, pushing little buttons. Unforunately we can't all have those "natural jobs" being farmers, surveyors, getting paid to hunt and fish, or establish our social status by brutally murdering other tribes. We can however, know that we can live without a huge house, an expensive car, the newest phone, latest game or top of the line bike. Our passions should be signals to ourselves of what we really value, and we don't have to deny that.

PHeller: guy diagnosed and medicated for ADHD as a kid.
  • 7 1
 You really want to know what ADHD is like? Picture yourself watching TV while having no control over the remote. Now... someone is flipping through every single channel you have as fast as humanly possible while stopping randomly on channels for a few brief seconds FOREVER. Did you enjoy your show? No? Its probably just your age, don't you think? Mountain biking is a great outlet to harness a wildly divided attention, although as soon as the trail ends so does the… Hey look! a shiny new bike part! Will this make me faster? Oh did you see how fast Eddie Masters was in that fat bike video? I can't believe he wore croc's the whole time so rad.. Do you think Steve Irwin was ever into mountain biking? CRIKEY!
  • 4 0
 Awesome! so dope that specialized is doing this. I have add myself and being able to mountain bike helps me so much with focusing. Every day I ride and this has made such an improvement with my grades and kept me out of trouble. I am happy to see such a rad program by specialized.
  • 4 0
 nevertheless your opinion on the reality of the diagnosis ADHD (no etiological biological factors established except ritalin-response), giving children with problematic behaviours physical challenges, sense of control, mastering, and skills, feeling those skills control, and mastering being challenged, and then improved upon, alst while being outdoors, can only be of the good.

As a cycling community we must change the perception of mtb as "team-extreme" to the enjoyment of physical activity, the enjoyment of nature, and the enjoyment of cameraderie outdoors.
These are values land managers and govt officials identify with, so should we.
  • 3 0
 Labelling, truths, BS, pigeon-holing, or whatever.....
Not so important what the diagnosis is IMO. This helps kids who would otherwise be getting bombarded by some form of electronic technologies resulting in; having trouble focusing. Whether ADHD is real or not or even suspected, the bottom line is that these kids are having difficulty concentrating at school and it is affecting their grades. If riding a bike helps them achieve academic goals I fail to see a problem here.
Look at the bigger picture....
Well done Specialized!
  • 6 0
 Sounds great! glad to see bike companies giving back and helping
  • 2 0
 If we look at a list of symptoms of ADHD, about 80% of the population identifies with most of them. This doesn not mean they have ADHD, though some might. But we could realise that we do have a problem: our lifestyles don't fit our brains. Do you need a degree to find out that sitting still, being quite and reading books or drawing within the lines isn't everyone's cup of tea? Is it abnormal that young children have loads of energy? It seems obvious that if you let some children blow of steam on a physical activity, that afterwards they will do better at quiet tasks. We need to embrace what's inside children instead of suppressing it. Nice to see that somewhere kids get to play outside and people notice that it's actually good for their development. Good on specialized for joining in.
  • 2 0
 As a child i struggled with ADHD in school. My parents refused to use medications so instead i was exposed to motocross, snocross, and mountain biking. Not only did it help me overcome the ADHD but it also gave me something to be passionate about. I thank my parents for choosing the method they did instead of turning me into a drone with meds.
  • 5 0
 So you could say this is Specialized Education?
Forgive me.
  • 1 0
 I have ADHD and a lot of riding buddies do as well. People with ADHD often prefer extreme exciting sports to keep them focused. All the science we know about it now is that it's a lack of Neurotransmitter receivers in the brain. Medication stimulates the neurons to fire more. When there are not enough satisfying neurotransmitters getting across we tend to lose interest and find something else to do.
  • 1 0
 I've been a special education teacher for over 10 years and I'm happy that the majority of posts here have been respectful of the topic. For those of us with ADHD it's a matter of managing it. High intensity sports like MTB, snowboarding, and muay thai have been a great part of my management plan. There has been much research on the benefits of exercise (primarily intense cardiovascular exercise) on the brain. Fascinating, exciting stuff related to neuroplasticity and neurogenesis. Sorry, I know it's an MTB site, so I'll leave this as a short post with just two book suggestions for those who may want to look into the topic some more: "Spark: the Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain" by Dr. John Ratey (same guy in the video) is outstanding. And, the best introduction to the overall topic of ADHD is "Driven to Distraction".
  • 1 0
 as one of the original ritalin kids i can get behind the study FULLY! i was dosed from a young age with ritalin and adderall, it worked but i didnt like what it turned me into when i was on it. i was always angry and frustrated and skinny as shit since it killed any appetite. it led down a shitty path to cocaine use when i was a teenager. i dropped all the drugs when i moved out of my parents house and started riding every day. im a better happier more focused person when i have ridden. ADHD still effects me in my day to day life but i can see it and overcome it now that i know how to deal with it. i take a quick lap around the block at work and im back it plugging away till it quitting time. i generally dont like the big red S but i can get behind em on this project!
  • 1 0
 I am a special education teacher and I have a couple of students that have severe ADHD. I notice a huge improvement in their performance in school and in their attitudes after exercise.
  • 3 0
 Everyone that rides a bike has ADHD
  • 1 0
 I am an adult with ADD. I ride mtb regularly. ANYTHING like this is so super cool. Thanks Specialized, you are the business! More of this please. ADD/ADHD is very real.
  • 1 1
 Hello mate. Sincerely, Does it help in the long term? If so, how? Or does it just help while riding and then you feel the same soon after?
  • 3 0
 I can't "like" this article enough.
  • 1 0
 Nothing new here really, previous studies have shown that exercise helps with ADHD. Saying that it's specific to cycling is just marketing from Specialized.
  • 1 0
 They're not saying it's specific to cycling. They're saying they've seen positive results in tests using cycling. That's not the same thing.
  • 1 0
 I have ADHD, and I also ride my bike ever day. But I still have to take 80mg of vyvance in the morning...
  • 1 0
 stop the pils and ride two times more ? just kiddin Smile
  • 2 0
 Where was this when I was in high school....
  • 1 2
 It didn't exist. Because someone made it up. Surely its no coincidence that a staggering amount of children seem to have it, and oh look.. a staggering amount of profits are being made. Do the math people. Because somebody else is. And it says 'kerching' on their calculator.
  • 2 0
 The people who make decisions about what's taught in schools are not the same people who sell the drugs. As a teacher, I make those decisions every day, and I'm definitely not being paid by a pharmaceutical company. If I was, I'd have a better bike...
  • 1 0
 You don't lay down the curriculum or structure the school system. Do you? I didn't say you were getting bunged by pharma. Lets go back to what I said, lots of kids amazingly fit into an adhd bracket and pharma don't make drugs for free. So where was I wrong? Unless you're telling me that is a coincidence.
  • 1 1
 They need to do a research called ADBD- attention deficit bike disorder. The constant focus on bike and bike related topics.
  • 2 0
 Or maybe Bike Deficit Attention Disorder?
  • 1 0
 Diagnosed with ADHD at a very young age, I can say I spend more time on my bike than I do paying attention in class
  • 1 0
 nice move Specialized !!
  • 1 1
 Special education??
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